Population: 1,195,194 (2014 Civic Census)

Land Area: 745 sq. km

Nicknames: Stampede City, Gateway to the Rockies

Main industries: Calgary is known as a hub for national and international business including oil and gas, information technology, telecommunications, agriculture and financial services industries.

Year it became a city: 1894. Calgary was originally a fort created by the North-West Mounted Police at the junction of the Bow and Elbow rivers back in 1875.

Rank: #1 (against 200 Canadian cities) - Overall Best Places to Live, MoneySense 2013

Provincial sales tax: None.

Climate: Calgary receives more sunshine than any major Canadian city: 2,400 hours a year.

Parkland: Calgary has more than 10,000 hectares of urban parks and open spaces within its city limits. It also has one of the most extensive urban pathway networks in the country with more than 700 km of walking and bicycle paths.

A few things Calgary has given the world:

  • Ginger beef
  • The Caesar cocktail
  • North American polo
  • The Java computer programming language

Explore Calgary - Backgrounder